Vermont Rental Lease Agreements
The Vermont Rental Lease Agreements are widely-used legal contracts that define the parameters of residential property leases in the state. Parameters are set in regards to a range of issues, such as the collection of rent and landlord access, in order to protect the rights of both tenants and landlords.
Likewise to other states, Vermont landlord-tenant laws do not cover every facet of leasing a residential property. The rental contract should therefore explicitly state any and all relevant responsibilities one or both parties must uphold.
Types of Agreements
Commercial Lease Agreement – This legal form is commonly used between a landlord with a property that is suitable for commercial use, and a business that requires the property to operate their business in some capacity.
Lease to Own Agreement – When signed by a landlord and tenant, this agreement in effect allows a tenant to purchase the property they rent from a landlord if certain conditions are met.
Month-to-Month Lease Agreement – A contract representing the terms of a residential lease that is conducted on a month-to-month basis.
Roommate Agreement – To strengthen unity in a shared household, roommates are recommended to come to a consensus about house rules and record them in a Roommate Agreement.
Download – Adobe PDF
Standard Residential Lease Agreement – Encompasses Vermont’s particular landlord-tenant laws to allow the passage of a residential lease.
Sublease Agreement – Cements an agreement that a tenant will lease part or all of a rental property to another tenant for residential use. In most cases, a landlord’s permission is required to execute such an arrangement.
What is a Vermont Lease Agreement?
A Vermont Lease Agreement is a form that details an arrangement for a landlord to rent a residential property to a tenant for a set sum of money paid each month. Another form that is beneficial to the interests of landlords is a rental application. This form requires prospective tenants to fill out relevant details about themselves so that a landlord can better assess their viability as a good tenant.
State Definition (9 V.S.A. § 4451(8)) – “means all agreements, written or oral, embodying terms and conditions concerning the use and occupancy of a dwelling unit and premises.”
When is Rent Due?
In accordance with 9 V.S.A. § 4455(a), rent must be paid “at the time and place agreed upon by the parties.” That is to say, the rental contract should specify the time and place rent is to be paid. There is no grace period provided by state law.
Emergency (9 V.S.A. § 4460(c)): State law provides landlords with the right to enter without notice “when the landlord has a reasonable belief that there is imminent danger to any person or to property.”
Non-Emergency (9 V.S.A. § 4460): State law outlines that a landlord may access the rental dwelling with the tenant’s consent. A landlord must give the tenant at least forty-eight (48) hours notice and only enter the rental property during 9:00 A.M. and 9:00 P.M. for the following purposes: when it is necessary to inspect the premises; to make necessary or agreed repairs, alterations, or improvements; to supply agreed services; or to exhibit the dwelling unit to prospective or actual purchasers, mortgagees, tenants, workers, or contractors.
- Lead Paint Disclosure: Should a landlord be aware of any lead paint hazards in their rental property that was built before 1978, they are required to disclose this information to their tenants. They are also required to provide tenants with a government-produced pamphlet that will further educate them on the topic.
Security Deposit Laws
Maximum: There is no upper limit on the amount a landlord may charge a tenant as a security deposit.
Return to Tenant (9 V.S.A. § 4461(c)): A landlord must return a security deposit to the tenant within fourteen (14) days from the date on which “the landlord discovers that the tenant vacated or abandoned the dwelling unit, or the date the tenant vacated the dwelling unit, provided the landlord received notice from the tenant of that date.” If the landlord will make deductions to the payment, the security deposit must be accompanied with a written statement itemizing any deductions.
For seasonal leases and in cases where the rental property is not intended as a primary residence, the security deposit and written statement must be returned within sixty (60) days.