Minnesota Rental Lease Agreements
The Minnesota Rental Lease Agreements are official documents used for leasing residential and commercial space to rent-paying tenants. Each form complies with MN state law, which is known for being restrictive on landlords when compared to other states. With a lease, landlords can set rules and obligations that all tenants are required to uphold once their signatures have been recorded on the form. Topics that are found in almost every lease found below include those relating to rent amount, security deposits, repairs, utilities, and pets. So long the rules don’t infringe upon a tenant’s rights, the landlord can include it in the lease contract.
Commercial Lease Agreement – Used for leasing to tenants that own (or are intending to open) a business and run it on the property or land.
Lease to Own Agreement – A form used by homeowners to offer tenants looking to purchase a home the option to purchase their property after an initial rental period of one (1) to three (3) years.
Month-to-Month Rental (Lease) Agreement – Sets conditions for renting residential property on a monthly basis.
Roommate Agreement – Created exclusively among roommates; contains both legally-binding and non-binding conditions relating to the roommates’ responsibilities in a shared rental.
Standard Residential Lease Agreement – Used for leasing any type of residential property for terms of one (1) year (or other terms as negotiated among the parties).
Download – Adobe PDF (.pdf)
Sublease Agreement – By drafting and signing this agreement (and with permission of the landlord, if required), a third party has the means of taking over the lease from the original tenant.
What is a Minnesota Lease Agreement?
A Minnesota Lease Agreement is a form used for protecting landlords from liability during the leasing of a vacant property. Signing a lease is one of the last steps in the leasing process, typically coming after a tenant has been approved to rent after being screened with a rental application.
State Definition (504B.001(Subd. 8.)) – “means an oral or written agreement creating a tenancy in real property.”
State Laws & Guides
Landlord-Tenant Guides / Handbooks
When is Rent Due?
Minnesota state law does not state when rent is due. For this reason, it is important that the date rent must be paid is specified in the rental agreement. There is no grace period offered by MN law as well.
Emergency (§ 504B.211(Subd 4)): Landlords can legally enter a rented dwelling (without prior notice) so long it is to 1) prevent injury to persons or property due to the building’s security, maintenance, or law enforcement, 2) to ensure their tenant’s safety, or 3) to ensure local ordinances pertaining to unlawful activity occurring within the dwelling is complied with.
Non-Emergency (§ 504B.211(Subd 2)): Landlords have the right to enter the rental dwelling so long they have a reasonable reason for doing so and they have made a strong effort of informing the tenant of their entry.
- Covenant Disallowing Unlawful Activities (§ 504B.171): Each lease must include a covenant that specifies certain unlawful activities cannot take place in the rental dwelling. These activities include prostitution, the unlawful use or possession of a firearm, and the possession of stolen property or property obtained by robbery.
- Inspection and Condemnation Orders Disclosure (§ 504B.195): Landlords are required to disclose a copy of all outstanding inspection orders, so long a citation has been issued citing code violations found in section 504B.185, that the housing inspector identifies as requiring notice due to the violations potentially threatening the health and/or safety of the tenant(s).
- Lead Paint Disclosure: Federal law requires landlords of properties built prior to 1978 to disclose any known lead paint hazards to tenants. Landlords are also obliged to provide tenants with a government-issued pamphlet which explores the subject further.
- Names and Addresses (§ 504B.181, Subd. 1): The names and addresses of the landlord and the party authorized to act on their behalf must be disclosed in the rental agreement or in writing prior to the commencement of the tenancy. They should also be placed in the rental premises, if reasonable.
- Pending Foreclosure Notice (§ 504B.151): Prior to entering into a lease and accepting rent or a security deposit from a tenant, landlords must inform a prospective tenant in writing that they have received notice of a contract for deed cancellation or notice of a mortgage foreclosure sale. Landlords must list on the notice the date on which the contract cancellation period or the mortgagor’s redemption period ends. In such cases, the rental contract cannot exceed two (2) months in duration.
Maximum: None (no statute).
Returning to Tenant (§ 504B.178(Subd. 3.)): Security deposits must be returned within three (3) weeks after termination of the tenancy. If the tenant leaves the rental due to its legal condemnation, the landlord must return the deposit within five (5) days of their vacancy.
Deposit Interest (§ 504B.178): Interest needs to be collected on deposits at a rate of one percent (1%) per year and paid back to the tenant(s) at the end of the lease term.