Utah Rental Lease Agreements
The Utah Rental Lease Agreements are contracts that regulate the lease of a residential property by a landlord to a tenant. This arrangement comes with certain obligations both parties must uphold, such as the tenant keeping the rental premises in a safe and clean condition, and the landlord making any necessary repairs to the property.
Matters where state law is silent, such as the maximum security deposit a landlord may charge and the date rent must be paid, must be outlined in the written rental agreement. Doing so will help to prevent misunderstandings and reduce the chances of one party failing to comply.
Types of Agreements
Commercial Lease Agreement – A contract that specifically covers matters connected to the lease of a commercial property to a business.
Lease Agreement with Option to Purchase – In order for terms to be set so that a tenant can purchase a rental property from a landlord, both parties should draft and sign this contract.
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Month-to-Month Lease Agreement – If a rental property will only be leased a month at a time, this type of lease agreement is the most suitable one to make use of.
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Roommate Agreement – Uniquely comprising of both legally-binding and non-legally binding provisions, a Roommate Agreement works to enhance communication and rapport among roommates.
Standard Residential Lease Agreement – To ensure that a landlord and tenant both uphold Utah’s landlord-tenant laws, an appropriate written contract, such as this one, should be made.
Sublease Agreement – This contract carries the purpose of setting out the means by which a subtenant may rent a property from a sublandlord.
What is a Utah Lease Agreement?
A Utah Lease Agreement is a document that, upon signing, dictates how a landlord and tenant must conduct themselves. The legally-binding relationship the parties have with one another carries a range of legal considerations that must be followed. A rental application is another document that landlords should make use of given its usefulness in screening prospective tenants.
State Definition – No state definition.
When is Rent Due?
State law is silent on the matter of when rent must be paid by the tenant to the landlord. For this reason, it is integral that this is detailed in the written rental contract. The law is also silent on the matter of a grace period for tenants.
Emergency: There is no state statute regarding whether a landlord may access the property in emergency circumstances. Under federal law, however, landlords have the right to enter the property in emergency circumstances without prior notice to the tenant.
Non-Emergency (§ 57-22-4(2)): A landlord must provide the tenant with at least twenty-four (24) hours notice prior to accessing the residential property in non-emergency circumstances, unless there is a provision in the rental agreement to the contrary.
- Criteria For Assessing Applicants (§ 57-22-4(5)(a)): A landlord is required to disclose in writing to an applicant to the rental property the criteria they will use to assess the applicant. The criteria may relate to “the applicant’s criminal history, credit, income, employment, or rental history.”
- Lead Paint Disclosure: Disclosure must be made to tenants if a landlord of a property built before 1978 knows of any lead paint hazards present in the property. Landlords must also give tenants a government-issued pamphlet that discusses the matter extensively.
- Move-in Checklist (§ 57-22-4(3)): Prior to the commencement of a rental agreement, the landlord must provide the tenant with a a written inventory of the condition of the residential rental unit, excluding ordinary wear and tear. In addition, they must provide the tenant with a form “to document the condition of the residential rental unit and then allow the resident a reasonable time after the renter’s occupancy of the residential rental unit to complete and return the form.”
- Names, Addresses, and Phone Numbers (§ 57-22-4(4)(a)): At or before the commencement of the rental term under a rental agreement, the landlord must provide the tenant with their name, address, and telephone number, or those of any person authorized to act on their behalf.
- Rules and Regulations (§ 57-22-4(4)(b)): If there are any rules and regulations applicable to the residential rental unit, the landlord must provide a copy of them to the tenant.
Security Deposit Laws
Maximum: There is no limit to the amount a landlord may demand from a tenant for a security deposit.
Returning to Tenant (§ 57-17-3(2)): The landlord must return the security deposit to the tenant no later than thirty (30) days after the day on which the tenant vacates and returns possession of a rental property to the owner or the owner’s agent.